Archive for Relatives

More 2nd Cousins Turn Up – via Carl Weil & Marie Koegle and Their Daughter Clara in Toledo, Ohio

As of January 24, 2018 we traced the connection with two more 2nd Cousins, a brother and sister, who had been adjacent cousins on GEDmatch for more than a year.  They, and their two brothers, are almost certain descendants of our shared Great Grandfather Carl Weil and another German immigrant, the 24 year old Marie Katie Koegle in Toledo, Ohio who had a daughter Clara, born in 1887.

The 2nd Cousin descendants had the surname Mattlin and and have the name Merten.  We have had  a great exchange of photos of our ancestors.

Toledo was where Carl and elder brother Jacob Weil, when first in America, lived with their aunt Louise N. Weil and her husband Nathan L. Ries, with whom they eventually built businesses.

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Weil an Anagram for Levi? Weil … Spanish and Moroccan Sephardi?

New information has been discovered that indicates that Weil written in Hebrew is an anagram for Levi written in Hebrew.  This makes the Weils Levites.  This is further reinforced by a 23andMe report that states that among my DNA cousin matches the most numerous and weighted DNA match and ancestral name is Cohen.  The third largest is Levi.  The second largest is Rothschild.  It must be remembered that this calculation comes from the DNA samples that were voluntarily submitted, not from a scientific population study.

Also, new information has been discovered that places Weils in Spain and Morocco.

Weil/Weyl/Weill Anagram for Levi

What’s in a name? By Estee Rieder

“There are some that are even an anagram of an earlier family name; the name Weil in Hebrew (vov-yud-lamed) is an anagram of Levi (lamed-vav-yud).“

Several locations, including Wikipedia and a Moroccan Jewish name list, indicate that Weyl/Weil/Weill may have come as an anagram of the name Levi.  According to Jewish biblical history, the Cohens and the Levites were assigned specific tasks in the temple, and treated differently in other ways. That is consistent with the 900 page history that indicates that the Weils were a highly respected Rabbinical family.

Weil A Sephardi Name?

Weil is listed as a Sephardi name in the following documents:


Getting There: The Rationale

The analysis/search of the Sephardi connection started because one of my 2nd cousins Karen, also a descendant of Carl Henry Weil, was surprised when her DNA analysis showed 98% Ashkenazi. Her comment stirred my prior interest in a possible Weil Sephardi origin.  A comment in an excerpt from the 900 page family history suggested that the Weils were Sephardi although I gather there is no hard information on that point in that book.  The history also indicated that the author didn’t know where the name came from.  Apparently there are two rivers in Europe who’s names are spelled close to Weil. However, the family history also contains an unsubstantiated suggestion that the family originated in Valls, Tarragona, Spain not far south west from Barcelona.  It was a Jewish centre.  If true, that ups the probability almost to a certainty.

First, the naming conventions are different for the Ashkenazim than for the Sephardi.  The German web site Hohenems Genealogie (Jüdische Familiengeschichte in Vorarlberg und Tirol) which has extensive family tree information on the Weils.  Lo and behold, the Weils practiced the Sephardi convention where they named the first male and female children after a living family member, specifically grandparents.  Ashkenazim don’t, apparently. Furthermore, Sephardi have been using surnames from according to that convention going back to about the 12th C, when, of course, there were large numbers of Jews in Portugal, Spain and Morocco.  Ashkenazim didn’t really adopt surnames until the late 17th C to the mid-18th C when they were required to in Europe. The 900 page family history indicates that the Weil names goes way back in the Randegg family.

Also, both my 2nd Cousin Karen and I have significant Iberian and Mediterranean DNA, not in large amounts but sufficient to be unequivocal.   It appears in other DNA tests as well. I used a number of GEDmatch Admixture analysis apps with both my file and Karen’s which further confirmed a substantial Mediterranean connection.  I did not get it from my other three grandparents.

My Eastern European DNA can almost totally be attributed to my Polish great grandmother Juliana Lugiewicz who conceived my grandfather with Carl Weil on New Years Eve 1989.


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The Lost Have Been Found! Journey’s End! Perhaps. Maybe.

We are convinced that we have found Frank “McCallum’s” parents!  Hard to believe.  DNA testing has been the key resource.

A short summary:

  • Frank was born October  7, 1890 not October 27, 1891 as he believed.
  • He was born in Saginaw, Michigan not Detroit as he believed.  He did live in Detroit for a number of years.
  • Frank’s  mother was Juliana Lugiewicz who married Joseph Franckowiak in 1892 in Saginaw. Clara Lugiewicz, who Frank put on his WWI Military Attestation as his Next Of Kin, was his aunt, Julia’s brother Andrew’s wife.  From the beginning of this eight year search we had wondered if Clara was Frank’s mother.  His mother, Julia, died in 1911 of tuberculosis, which–we believe–is why he named his Aunt Clara as his NOK.  Juliana was born in 1867 in Germany/Poland, immigrating to Saginaw in 1884.
  • Frank’s father was Carl Henry Weil from Randegg, Konstanz, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.  It is a 50 minute drive from Zurich, Switzerland.  He and a handful of brothers immigrated to Saginaw/Toledo from 1884. They set up a number of fruit wholesale and grocery retail businesses. Eventually, in the early 1890s he moved to Chicago.  Then they moved into the cardboard and paper business running Cromwell Paper Co.
  • The Weil family of Randegg has a celebrated history including many highly respected Rabbis.  One family history goes back to 1135.
  • It has been quite a search, over 4 continents and four thousand years.  It has been very rewarding.
  • Frank had ten half siblings.  Three of Julia’s children died young. Meeting many living cousins has been quite wonderful.  This continues.

There is a great deal that we do not yet know about Frank’s background, including where he picked up the name McCallum.  We have some clues but no evidence yet.  It appears that he lived with his mother and step-father for a number of years, even up to 1900.

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Major Progress – 2nd Cousin Found! – UPDATE February 18, 2016

Thanks to an understanding woman sympathetic to our search, we are now closer to learning Frank’s and our true surname and a major part of our history prior to 1900.  This woman is a major breakthrough in our search. After comparing our respective DNA, 23andMe concludes that she is 2nd Cousin to Bryce, Brian, Marcus and me, as well as a 2nd Cousin once removed to my sons David and Jon.

No doubt, finding new second cousins has come as a huge surprise to her and her family.  I’ve not yet asked her permission to reveal her name but will do so once I complete this phase of research with some reasonable findings.  Some new friends at the Ontario Genealogical society are being of tremendous help in this more complex phase of the search.

Based on information that she provided, Frank’s surname is likely one of the following, with my calculated probability indicated:

  • Male lines Hirsch or Weil – 50%
  • Female lines Hellman or Kuhn – 25% (also Rosenthal, Kaufman, Lang)
  • Another,  including McCallum or some variant of it – 25%

We are investigating the following.


  • St. Louis, Missouri
  • Chicago, Illinois
  • Havelock, Iowa
  • Saginaw, Michigan also nearby Millington
  • Detroit, Michigan

Time period: 1870 +/- 20 years

Generation: 2nd Cousin’s GreatGrandParents (2G), and, if necessary, her 3GParents

DNA factor

The critical 2nd cousin forecast by 23andMe is based on the following industry ratios.

DNA Shared Between 2nd Cousin and Ian McCallum
Normative Genetics Actual Shared
 Second Cousins Share  She and I Share
DNA % av 3.13% 3.4%
cMs 101-378 253
Segments 10–18 12

Brother Brian and cousins Bryce and Marcus share similar, even larger amounts of DNA with our common 2nd cousin.

Ashkenazim factor

  • 2nd Cousin – 95-98% Ashkenazim
  • Ian – 12.5%

This suggests that Frank was half Ashkenazim, therefore one of his parents was not “genetically” Ashkenazim otherwise my Ashkenazim content would be double to ~25%.

Male Y-chromosome factor

The male Y-chromosome has been of little help yet in this search since women don’t carry it. But, since Frank’s Y-chromosome E-M84 (E1b1b1c1a) also known as E-L117 was passed on to me via my father and since it is the second largest Y-chromosome among Jewish males, after J1, that fact combined with our Ashkenazim DNA percentages suggests strongly that (my estimate 90%+) that Francis’/Frank’s father was an Ashkenazim Jew.

Working Hypothesis

Therefore, I posit–for the moment–that we share a GreatGrandFather as the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA).

Other DNA Cousins and Triangulation

Preliminary search has been started along two lines using other DNA cousins to triangulate with our 2nd Cousin’s 2G and 3G Parents.

Investigative line number one has been to find cousins we match in common on 23andMe where DNA lab testing took place.  I also found those matching cousins who also cited in their ancestral surnames one of our 2nd Cousin’s four 2G Parents’ surnames.    That small group now requires further cross triangulation and ranking with each other.

Investigative line number two has been to find the specific DNA fragments on specific chromosomes that the six of us share with our 2nd Cousin.  They are on chromosomes 1, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11 and 16.  The next step, to be taken only if necessary, is to use services like GEDmatch and DNAgedcom to find cousin matches to me on those fragments.  Subsequently, it would be necessary to find means of verifying which of those also match our 2nd cousin.  This step is in an area of DNA analysis about which I know too little.

The Orphan Factor

Our 2nd cousin knows of no missing relatives.  Had there been such, this search could have likely concluded much sooner.

One of my new genealogy friends discovered a 1900 Iowa Census showing an 11 year old Frank McColum as a boarder (read labourer) on the Stover farm in Pocahontas, Sherman Township (Havelock), Iowa. His birth date varies on records from 1889 to 1891.

It was only one or two years later that our Frank walked into Saskatchewan, connecting with the Benolkin family somewhere along the way, with whom he stayed at their new farm at Dundurn, Saskatchewan before getting old enough to get his own land at Hanley, Saskatchewan.  He stayed friends with the Benolkins throughout his life.  I have spoken to one of the family who remembers him.

Of note is the fact that the route from this farm in Iowa to Dundurn is along roads that are virtually a one thousand mile straight line through the Beardsley, Minnesota community from which the Benolkins left, less than 500 miles to the north north west.

Also, family lore has it that several times Frank returned to the United States to look for a brother.  He also said that the orphanage records had been burned in a fire.  In 1920 orphanage and other municipal records were burned in a  warehouse in Havelock, Iowa the community nearest to the Iowa farm where Frank McColum laboured.  Also, in 1894 a major fire in central Saginaw burned many buildings including an orphanage.

The birth and orphan records of that time in Missouri, and presumably, Iowa were not comprehensive in any case.

Other - Mary Clara Lugiewicz  (born Lewandowski)

We have and will also pursue further leads concerning his time as an orphan, following up on cryptic information on this Military Attestation form completed when signing up for WWI. Some of this relates specifically to a reference to a female next of kin, Clara “Tygrnwitz”.   This information was scrawled in the margin and consequently our interpretation was wrong.  The name is Mary Clara Lugiewicz  (born Lewandowski) at 277 Winter St., Saginaw Michigan.  I have procured his full military documentation where the information was typed several times. That street exists, Winter St., but the address does not now exist but may have existed in that earlier, less organised time.

Frank’s relationship to Clara is unknown.  Clara was 15 years older than Frank.  The Clara Lugiewicz we found was born in Poland/Germany in 1875 as was her husband Andrew Lugiewicz.  They immigrated in 1890 and 1891 respectively and married in Saginaw in 1896. They had 8 children together.   They seemed to have lived on Winter St. for their lives.  He had a store.

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First Cousin Data

Now two additional grandchildren of the elusive Frank have taken the 23andMe DNA test.  Marcus McCallum (son of Neil) and Bryce Holmgren (son of Effie) have stepped up to the tube, spit and mailed it off to the lab.  Now, with Brian, we have 4 grand children from 3 different children plus 2 great grandchildren, David and Jon, from the same father, me.

Bryce and Marcus have given me access to their data to help isolate selected chromosome fragments that are consistent with us all, or most of us, so that we can use these to more clearly identify probable cousins.

The chromosome comparisons show some interesting correlations within the family but these need further review to determine what might by useful.  I have not yet had time to triangulate with other cousin matches.

Stay tuned.

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Second Cousins Surface!

I don’t want to get your hopes up, or mine, but the first 2nd and a related 2nd-3rd cousin have just surfaced on 23andMe.  Since their files appeared on 23andMe at the same time, they are highly likely to be sisters and likely once removed, that is, of the same generation as my sons.  They are much less likely to be 1st cousins to each other.  They are almost certainly not mother and daughter.

What does all that mean? They would be descendants of  Frank’s sibling(s).  Amazing.

We know that Frank went back into the US several times looking for a brother.  We don’t know when Frank or his brother were orphaned.  We don’t know if either of his parents survived, or had any other children.  We may be about to find out some of this.

On 23andMe, these two new cousins share the most genetic material with me outside of my brother Brian and sons Jon and David. The 2nd cousin shares with me, and some of you, 10 times more DNA than the next closest cousin found so far, a possible 3rd cousin.  The 2nd cousin shares 3.40% shared over 12 segments.  The 2nd-3rd cousin shares 2.4% over 9 segments.

It is possible that they link to me through my Scottish grandmother.  But since both these cousins have the K1a1b1a maternal haplogroup, which is seldom found in non-Jews and is found in only 10% of women in the UK, that possibility seems unlikely.  They are not linked through my mother who had the maternal haplogroup U4a1a.

I sent these cousins a note inviting them to share genomes.  However, these cousins may not agree to connect or share genomes.  23andMe has many members who do not want to make contact with others, for a variety of reasons.

This discovery is only two days old so contact with them, if it occurs, may be some time away.

Stay tuned.


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Newborn Frances Shaw McCallum Continues the Name Francis/Frank in the Next Generation

We are pleased to announce that Frances Helena Shaw McCallum, born August 4, 2013 to Jonathan McCallum and Kerry Shaw  will continue in the next generation the name Frances which has variations in the families of both parents.

Unraveling  the mystery surrounding the past of orphan Francis (Frank) is the reason for this web site.   We have reason to believe that there were in distant family other versions including Fran/z/ziska/cizka/tiska. They are still to be confirmed.

Frances is the great granddaughter of Francis (Frank) McCallum.  The late Francis (Sandy) Merle McCallum was  a son of Frank and would be a great uncle to Frances.

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Ancestry Overview

The new 23andMe features provided the revelation that in the past several hundred years my mother’s line had ancestry in Europe/the Near East.

This may be the first confirmation of something about a North African blood connection that my mother once alluded to in conversation with one of my brothers.  It also may provide the explanation of observation that my Mediterranean DNA is too great (around 45%) to be credited solely to my grandfather which should only be about 25%.

Also somewhat surprising is the reference to my father’s line still being found primarily in Africa.

Your Mother’s Line

Along your mother’s line, you have ancestry in Europe/the Near East in the past few hundred years, that traces back to eastern Africa around 50,000 years ago.


Your Father’s Line

Your father’s line was likely in eastern Africa 50,000 years ago. Today that line is still found primarily in Africa.

Your Overall Ancestry

It looks like all of your ancestors from the past few hundred years were of European/Near Eastern origin.

Ashkenazi Jewish Ancestry

It looks like you have some Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry. You share DNA with some 23andMe customers that have reported full Jewish ancestry.

And if it weren’t exotic enough there is the

Neanderthal Ancestry

You have an estimated 2.8% Neanderthal DNA, which puts you in the 85th percentile among Multi-regional 23andMe members.

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Top Relative Surnames – From 23andMe

23andMe has added some interesting new features.  One is Ancestry Overview.  One of its segments identifies Top Relative Surnames from all the other 23andMe subscribers that are our cousins–some 1008.  These names include the names of those 23andMe members and all the family surnames that they have included in their files.  Such a facility may be helpful in finding Frank’s true surname, whether it is McCallum or not.

What are those names?

Surname Count Enrichment
Cohen 10
Friedman 6
Levin 5
Fischer 5
Brown 7


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Pick Hypothesis – Family Tree + DNA Match

March 26, 2012

Today was the first confirmation of a DNA match for the Pick hypothesis derived from the Mihailovici family tree.

An ftDNA match with me by the name of Jewell Betty Andersen turns out to have Pick as her maiden name.  At this point I know no more about her than that.  I have asked the manager of her file–a Doctor and PhD–for her specifics and family tree information. That may fill in pertinent gaps–1890 to present–in the Mihailovici tree, particularly for the family members gone missing in action after immigrating to the US. If the trees complement one another and there is still a male MIA fitting our parameters then that will be Frank.

ftDNA proposes us as 4th cousins within a range of 3rd-5th cousins.  This would make our common ancestor either Frank’s father or grandfather since we may be once removed.

We share 35.75 cMs and the longest fragment is 11.38 cMs.

There are

It turns out that in ftDNA there are two other genetic matches that include Pick as names in their family  trees.  They are:

  • Elizabeth Jeanette James
  • B. Ann Carlton Oppenheimer

The 5 of us, including Daniela, share multiple fragments on multiple chromosomes.


March 10, 2012

Of the Hora/Mihailovici family tree options the most probable is the Pik/Pick family.

Ship passenger manifest records showed an uncle and nephew arriving in New York in 1906. Interestingly both appeared to be named Franz Pick.

This does not conform to the available family tree information. The uncle’s age conforms to the date of birth for Leopold PICK (1866). of to Gabriel WIEN
Leopold PICK Josef (Pepo) WIEN Francizka Pick

Rationale for thinking that there is a strong possibility that Francizka (Franz) Pick is Frank McCallum.
• From Josef Pike there is a multi-generational reoccurrence, in various forms, of the name Franziska/Franz/Francis for males and females. In three generations the Pick males married women with the name Franziska.
• March 20/21, 1906 the ship Le Champagne / Le Bretagne from Le Havre on March 1 arrived at Ellis Island, New York. The copy of the ship’s manifest (attached) at lines 18 & 19 identified two Slovak Pick males, Franz aged 16 and one aged 38. The younger seems to be identified as the nephew of the older, but that is somewhat problematic as the names and the dates would appear to be father and son. The name of the elder male is not given as being different – odd. In subsequent typed records both are named Franz. However, Franz’s father was Leopold.
• The dates would make Franz born in 1890 which is generally consistent with the family tree and with Frank McCallum’s birth date although neither has been independently verified. In some records Frank did use 1890 as his birth year.
• The ship’s manifest said that the two men were heading out to Nebraska and to Rock Spring Wyoming to join relatives, specifically John Pick. There is a street address which has not yet been confirmed.
• Cousin Eric Josef (Beppo) PICK b. 1898, died in Connecticut leaving named descendants who are presumably in the US. We have no indication of when he entered the US. It does suggest a family interest in America.
• The relationship tree between Daniela and Ian would appear to be supportable by the quantity of cMs (61.6) larger than 3 cM .
• GEDmatch suggested Daniela and Ian are 3.9 generations to MRCA. In this Pick hypothesis there are 4 generations between Daniela and the MRCAs and 5 generations between the MRCAs and Ian

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