Archive for Frank the Man & His Life

Weil an Anagram for Levi? Weil … Spanish and Moroccan Sephardi?

New information has been discovered that indicates that Weil written in Hebrew is an anagram for Levi written in Hebrew.  This makes the Weils Levites.  This is further reinforced by a 23andMe report that states that among my DNA cousin matches the most numerous and weighted DNA match and ancestral name is Cohen.  The third largest is Levi.  The second largest is Rothschild.  It must be remembered that this calculation comes from the DNA samples that were voluntarily submitted, not from a scientific population study.

Also, new information has been discovered that places Weils in Spain and Morocco.

Weil/Weyl/Weill Anagram for Levi

What’s in a name? By Estee Rieder

“There are some that are even an anagram of an earlier family name; the name Weil in Hebrew (vov-yud-lamed) is an anagram of Levi (lamed-vav-yud).“

Several locations, including Wikipedia and a Moroccan Jewish name list, indicate that Weyl/Weil/Weill may have come as an anagram of the name Levi.  According to Jewish biblical history, the Cohens and the Levites were assigned specific tasks in the temple, and treated differently in other ways. That is consistent with the 900 page history that indicates that the Weils were a highly respected Rabbinical family.

Weil A Sephardi Name?

Weil is listed as a Sephardi name in the following documents:


Getting There: The Rationale

The analysis/search of the Sephardi connection started because one of my 2nd cousins Karen, also a descendant of Carl Henry Weil, was surprised when her DNA analysis showed 98% Ashkenazi. Her comment stirred my prior interest in a possible Weil Sephardi origin.  A comment in an excerpt from the 900 page family history suggested that the Weils were Sephardi although I gather there is no hard information on that point in that book.  The history also indicated that the author didn’t know where the name came from.  Apparently there are two rivers in Europe who’s names are spelled close to Weil. However, the family history also contains an unsubstantiated suggestion that the family originated in Valls, Tarragona, Spain not far south west from Barcelona.  It was a Jewish centre.  If true, that ups the probability almost to a certainty.

First, the naming conventions are different for the Ashkenazim than for the Sephardi.  The German web site Hohenems Genealogie (Jüdische Familiengeschichte in Vorarlberg und Tirol) which has extensive family tree information on the Weils.  Lo and behold, the Weils practiced the Sephardi convention where they named the first male and female children after a living family member, specifically grandparents.  Ashkenazim don’t, apparently. Furthermore, Sephardi have been using surnames from according to that convention going back to about the 12th C, when, of course, there were large numbers of Jews in Portugal, Spain and Morocco.  Ashkenazim didn’t really adopt surnames until the late 17th C to the mid-18th C when they were required to in Europe. The 900 page family history indicates that the Weil names goes way back in the Randegg family.

Also, both my 2nd Cousin Karen and I have significant Iberian and Mediterranean DNA, not in large amounts but sufficient to be unequivocal.   It appears in other DNA tests as well. I used a number of GEDmatch Admixture analysis apps with both my file and Karen’s which further confirmed a substantial Mediterranean connection.  I did not get it from my other three grandparents.

My Eastern European DNA can almost totally be attributed to my Polish great grandmother Juliana Lugiewicz who conceived my grandfather with Carl Weil on New Years Eve 1989.


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The Lost Have Been Found! Journey’s End! Perhaps. Maybe.

We are convinced that we have found Frank “McCallum’s” parents!  Hard to believe.  DNA testing has been the key resource.

A short summary:

  • Frank was born October  7, 1890 not October 27, 1891 as he believed.
  • He was born in Saginaw, Michigan not Detroit as he believed.  He did live in Detroit for a number of years.
  • Frank’s  mother was Juliana Lugiewicz who married Joseph Franckowiak in 1892 in Saginaw. Clara Lugiewicz, who Frank put on his WWI Military Attestation as his Next Of Kin, was his aunt, Julia’s brother Andrew’s wife.  From the beginning of this eight year search we had wondered if Clara was Frank’s mother.  His mother, Julia, died in 1911 of tuberculosis, which–we believe–is why he named his Aunt Clara as his NOK.  Juliana was born in 1867 in Germany/Poland, immigrating to Saginaw in 1884.
  • Frank’s father was Carl Henry Weil from Randegg, Konstanz, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.  It is a 50 minute drive from Zurich, Switzerland.  He and a handful of brothers immigrated to Saginaw/Toledo from 1884. They set up a number of fruit wholesale and grocery retail businesses. Eventually, in the early 1890s he moved to Chicago.  Then they moved into the cardboard and paper business running Cromwell Paper Co.
  • The Weil family of Randegg has a celebrated history including many highly respected Rabbis.  One family history goes back to 1135.
  • It has been quite a search, over 4 continents and four thousand years.  It has been very rewarding.
  • Frank had ten half siblings.  Three of Julia’s children died young. Meeting many living cousins has been quite wonderful.  This continues.

There is a great deal that we do not yet know about Frank’s background, including where he picked up the name McCallum.  We have some clues but no evidence yet.  It appears that he lived with his mother and step-father for a number of years, even up to 1900.

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500 Word Summary of Our Search Now Posted on CBC, Canada Reads, Bloodlines Web Site

Our search for our paternal ancestry I’ve condensed to a 500 word interesting read, I hope, and posted on the CBC web site Bloodlines as another means of generating possible leads to missing living relatives who may have the key to our identity. You can find it at DESC

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Immigration to America in the 1800s

For the time being, we are assuming that Francis “Frank” Freeman McCallum was born to immigrant parents, perhaps on board ship during the voyage to America. In his WWI Canadian military attestation documents he claimed to be born on October 27, 1891. The actual range may be a year on either side, approximately 1890-92.

His parents’ nationality of origin remains a mystery.

The best statistics that I have found of the country of origin of immigrants is an American Senate report from 2011. It provides a year by year breakdown by country for that period. It can be found at

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Family Photos

Frank & Molly McCallum London early 1950s

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Known/Unknown — Birth, Life & Death Details from Public Record & Best Guesses

We have only one incontrovertible piece of information about Frank and about his father and his grandfather.  They all have the same relatively rare male Y-chromosome (E1b1b1c1a, Y-M84, L117) as had his three sons, and have his nine grandsons and more than eight great grandsons.  Virtually no other McCallum male can have that Y-chromosome.

Generally, no other substantiated information exists for Frank prior to his first Saskatchewan land acquisition in 1910 when he would have been about 19 or 21 years old.  No birth certificate, orphan or adoption related documents have been found yet.

From his Military Attestation Val Cartier, Quebec, Canada September 1914

  • Birth: Detroit, 27 October 1891 (Unsubstantiated.  He may have been born in 1889 or on some other DMY.)
  • Apparent age: 23 yrs 10 months
  • Height: 5′ 3 1/2″
  • Eye Colour: Blue
  • Hair Colour: Brown
  • Skin: Medium
  • Girth: 37 1/2″ Expansion: 4″
  • Discharge certificate: 13266 June 15, 1919

Optional Places of Birth, Early Life, Orphanage, Adoption, “Boarding” as farm laborer:

The options are:

Option 1: From Frank’s son, Jim:
Frank was born on board a ship as his family migrated to America.

Option 2: Detroit/Wayne County, Michigan — From Frank’s Canadian WWI Military Attestation & his application for Saskatchewan land in 1927.  No other documentation exists.

Option 3: Based on DNA cousin and other records.

  • St. Louis, Missouri
  • Saginaw & Millington, Michigan and area  (Marginal Addendum to Military Attestation listed Miss Clara Trywitz  (sp?), 277 Winter street, Saginaw, Michigan.  A Clara Lugiewicz (later Clara Midcalf) lived at that location.)
  • Chicago, Illinois
  • Pocahontas County,  Sherman Township (Havelock), Iowa (see 1900 Census item 13, Stover farm boarder )

The Benolkins: Additional information relevant to placing Frank in the mid-West

In 1901 (+/- 1 year) Frank connected with the Benolkin family emigrating from Beardsley, Big Stone County, Minnesota to Dundurn, Saskatchewan where they acquired land and where Frank lived and worked for a number of years until he acquired land at Hanley, some 20 miles away.  They remained friends for life.  No one knows how or where it was on their respective journeys that they met and joined up.  However, Beardsley is 260 miles NNW from Havelock, Iowa and virtually on a straight line to Dundurn, Saskatchewan.

Benolkin in Minnesota Census  Big Stone County

Death: Apr. 19, 1955
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
Homesteader at Vanscoy, Sask., 1911-14; served overseas WWI; farmed at Hanley, Sask., following the war. Married and had children and grandchildren.
Woodlawn Cemetery Plot: M-L031
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
Find A Grave Memorial# 54670693

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Research – Orphan

Orphan Trains

Note: There are extensive records at the new York Children’s Aid Society but they are not on line because they are restricted.  A manual search in their offices in New York would have to be done by an approved individual.  For records that old, getting approval shouldn’t be that difficult.

On their site is the following.

An estimated 30,000 children were homeless in New York City in the 1850s.

The children ranged in age from about six to 18 and shared a common grim existence. Homeless or neglected, they lived in New York City’s streets and slums with little or no hope of a successful future. Their numbers were large – an estimated 30,000 children were homeless in New York City in the 1850s. Charles Loring Brace, the founder of The Children’s Aid Society, believed that there was a way to change the futures of these children. By removing youngsters from the poverty and debauchery of the city streets and placing them in morally upright farm families, he thought they would have a chance of escaping a lifetime of suffering.

He proposed that these children be sent by train to live and work on farms out west. They would be placed in homes for free but they would serve as an extra pair of hands to help with chores around the farm. They wouldn’t be indentured. In fact, older children placed by The Children’s Aid Society were to be paid for their labors.

The Orphan Train Movement lasted from 1853 to the early 1900s and more than 120,000 (note: as many as 200,000) children were placed. This ambitious, unusual and controversial social experiment is now recognized as the beginning of the foster care concept in the United States.

Orphan Trains stopped at more than 45 states across the country as well as Canada and Mexico. During the early years, Indiana received the largest number of children. There were numerous agencies nationwide that placed children on trains to go to foster homes. In New York, besides Children’s Aid, other agencies that placed children included Children’s Village (then known as the New York Juvenile Asylum), what is now New York Foundling Hospital, and the former Orphan Asylum Society of the City of New York, which is now the Graham-Windham Home for Children.

More information can be turned up by Googling the following search terms <orphan train “North Dakota” names>.

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We descended from Canaanites, also known as Phoenicians

A recent article, summarised below, concludes that we descended from Canaanites, also known as Phoenicians.  The area corresponds roughly to Lebanon, northern Israel and western Syria.

If you would like a comprehensive overview of our ancestors you can get it at or at which has extensive information including trading and migration patterns as far as Ireland and England.

I found this interesting site which has extensive information and maps including about trading and migration patterns as far as Ireland and England.  It goes some distance to explaining more options for the routing to Hanley.  Unfortunately it doesn’t yet narrow those options.

I’ve discovered that there numerous takes on the histories of the peoples in this region that long ago.  I gather that they are still finding and sorting out new archaeological and recorded data.  Part of the problem is that there were small populations and language was only being developed at that time and the approaches were different.  However, this is the first time that I’ve come up with such a mother lode of interesting information.

I haven’t spent much time on it yet, there are about 1,900 pages of information, so I don’t yet know how it treats religion.  Also, so far, it doesn’t include Y-DNA analysis.

The region was on major east west and north south trade routes both by land by sea.  Consequently, the requirements of trade helped shape their major contributions to the world which include:

  • Language/alphabet which they passed to the Greeks who refined and spread it further.
  • Trade
  • Navigation
  • Math (Pythagoras)
  • developed war by chariot -  Yeeehah!



A summer update from the Russian research team. Russian Journal of Genetic Genealogy: Vol 1, №2, 2010 ISSN: 1920-2989

The pdf paper is short and an interesting read.  In it they refer to E1b1b1c1a as an individual, which makes sense when talking about the first dude with that particular genetic mutation.  Generally speaking we have been talking about the entire haplogroup including Frank and us.

Haplogroups E1b1b1c1 (M34) and E1b1b1c1a (M84) among Jews. Could Abraham be E1b1b1c1 or E1b1b1c1a?

The paper concludes that the guy who was E1b1b1c1 was too old to be Abraham.  But while E1b1b1c1a (a descendant of E1b1b1c1) might be Abraham that too is unlikely as the Cohens tended to be the Jewish priests and the % of E1b1b1c1a’s amongst the Cohen’s is low, around 1%.  I’ll have to take the writers’ word about the importance of that as I know nothing about Cohens or Jewish priests.  They suggest that Abraham is most likely to be J1 or J2, which are also common to both Arabs and jews.

The report also concludes that:  “the Jewish and Arabian E1b1b1c1a lines are close one to the other, their common ancestor lived 4080±1440 years ago, so, most probably, both are descendants of ancient Canaanites.”

There is a comment that Jews invaded a Canaan community and converted a segment of the populace.  Remember, that this predates the creation of Islam by several thousand years.

Interesting how much new material has surfaced since I last checked the internet a few months ago.

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