Archive for 1 OUR SEARCH

The Lost Have Been Found! Journey’s End! Perhaps. Maybe.

We are convinced that we have found Frank “McCallum’s” parents!  Hard to believe.  DNA testing has been the key resource.

A short summary:

  • Frank was born October  7, 1890 not October 27, 1891 as he believed.
  • He was born in Saginaw, Michigan not Detroit as he believed.  He did live in Detroit for a number of years.
  • Frank’s  mother was Juliana Lugiewicz who married Joseph Franckowiak in 1892 in Saginaw. Clara Lugiewicz, who Frank put on his WWI Military Attestation as his Next Of Kin, was his aunt, Julia’s brother Andrew’s wife.  From the beginning of this eight year search we had wondered if Clara was Frank’s mother.  His mother, Julia, died in 1911 of tuberculosis, which–we believe–is why he named his Aunt Clara as his NOK.  Juliana was born in 1867 in Germany/Poland, immigrating to Saginaw in 1884.
  • Frank’s father was Carl Henry Weil from Randegg, Konstanz, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.  It is a 50 minute drive from Zurich, Switzerland.  He and a handful of brothers immigrated to Saginaw/Toledo from 1884. They set up a number of fruit wholesale and grocery retail businesses. Eventually, in the early 1890s he moved to Chicago.  Then they moved into the cardboard and paper business running Cromwell Paper Co.
  • The Weil family of Randegg has a celebrated history including many highly respected Rabbis.  One family history goes back to 1135.
  • It has been quite a search, over 4 continents and four thousand years.  It has been very rewarding.
  • Frank had ten half siblings.  Three of Julia’s children died young. Meeting many living cousins has been quite wonderful.  This continues.

There is a great deal that we do not yet know about Frank’s background, including where he picked up the name McCallum.  We have some clues but no evidence yet.  It appears that he lived with his mother and step-father for a number of years, even up to 1900.

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Information Sought, Current Status, Next Steps

Please feel free to add information to the following by emailing it to:  ian (at)

August 2016

We now have DNA (two 2nd cousins) and other evidence that my grandfather’s father was Carl Henry Weil of Randegg, Germany, Saginaw, Toledo and Chicago. Ironically for us, having had no family information before 1902 we now have information back to 1135 AD about this respected Rabbinical family.

We are now 90% certain that we have also identified the mother due to DNA evidence and family tree information that previously eluded us. As things would have it, it is not the woman that we thought it was but her husband’s sister.

June 2016 Post About Information Gathered and Sought

Information Sought – PATERNAL Side

Having located a second cousin in the fall of 2015 we are now trying to locate the Most Recent Common Ancestor that we share, who will likely be our Great Grand or 2ndGreat Grand, born 1840-1875.

The Ancestral & Contemporary names of greatest interest in that search are Hirsch and Weil but include:

Note: The names with + signs beside them turned out to be the most important. 



Ancestral & Possible *MRCA Names

UPSTREAM from 2nd Cousin & Also Same Name Descendants DOWNSTREAM

Other Names


Of Descendants DOWNSTREAM From MRCA & Possible DNA Testees

Baruch Bartelstein
Cohn Bonsor
Friedman Colman
+Grostein Critchlow
Hellman Dusen
*Hirsch Eiseman
*Kaufman +Florsheim
*+Kuhn Lorie
Lautman Metzenberg
Mullen Milch
Neuberger Morris
Reichenberg Mullen
Rosenfeld ++Pfaeltzer
+Rosenthal Pomroy
Senturia Schmidt
Silberberg Schwartz
*+++Weil Smyth


We are looking for these names among DNA matches on:

  • 23andMe
  • ftDNA (uploaded 23andMe data + Y12 test
  • Ancestry
  • GEDmatch Kits M144207 (from 23andMe) & A349088 (from AncestryDNA) Note: Other family kits are also on GEDmatch; all emails are to
    (recently added two more DNA testing labs from which testees can upload their test files.  This will increase the number of cousin matches.)

These names could that of a testee or as a family name listed by the testee in their file.

Any such testee could help eliminate or identify current MRCA possibilities.

You will note that most of the names on the list are obviously Jewish.  My 2nd cousin is 100% Ashkenazim.  Frank must have been 50% Ashkenazim as his grandsons are approximately 12.5% each.  Ancestry has indicated that I’m 18%.  Also, Frank certainly had the Y-chromosome E1b1b1c1a as his grandsons and great grandsons through the male lines have that Y-chromosome.  It is the Y-chromosome that bags second largest group of Jewish males, after J1.  Therefore, it is very probable that his father was Jewish and it was his mother who was not Jewish and was possibly Catholic.

Information Sought – MATERNAL Side

DNA evidence may yet reveal Frank’s mother but we have nothing to use to separate our DNA into his mother’s and his father’s, except for the Y-chromosome E1b1b1c1a (E-L117) that he received from his father.

Also, I am looking working on making contact with descendants of Mary Clara Lugiewicz (born Lewandowski) and Andrew Lugiewicz both born in Poland/Germany in 1875, and married in 1896 after having immigrated in 1890 and 1891 respectively.  They lived in Saginaw, Michigan until her death in 1947.  They may have information relevant to our search because in about 1915 or 1916, Frank amended his Military Attestation Form to list her as his 2nd Next of Kin giving her address as 477 Winter St., Carrolton, Saginaw, Michigan. We have acquired all of his Canadian military records and that information is perpetuated in 3 other places in his documents.  Why did Frank do that?  Was she a caregiver in an orphanage?  Her descendants may have information relevant to that question.  She was Catholic and Frank identified himself as Catholic on his Military Attestation form so he may have been in a Catholic orphanage in Saginaw.

Current Working Fact Set Status

Name: “Frank” Francis Freeman “McCallum” – more or less valid from 1902.  We strongly believe that “McCallum” was not his birth name.

DOB: October 27, 1891 (First evidence is on 1914 Canadian Military Attestation but is unconfirmed)

Birth Place: Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan (From Military Attestation but is unconfirmed)

Male Y-chromosome:  Y-E1b1b1c1a (Y-M84) also known by ftDNA as Y-L117

Other possible birth places: Saginaw, Michigan; St. Louis; Chicago

Date of immigration into Canada: between late spring and early autumn of either 1901 0r 1902  He walked into Canada on his own at age 12.  (Anecdotal information “confirmed” by the Benolkin farm family that took him in.) There will be no immigration records for that entry into Canada, given the primitive infrastructure there at that time.

Death: 1955

Place of Death: Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (confirmed)



Next Steps

I now have the results of my Ancestry DNA test and I have uploaded to Ancestry a family tree plus a few others who are either DNA cousins or related to them and probable cousins.  This will produce additional matches.  I will then create a short list of possibilities in September 2016 and contact them individually to find out what additional information they have that might be of use.

I am continuing my attempts to locate Frank’s birth record, orphanage and adoption records in Michigan–if such exist.  Unfortunately, given that era such records were not collected, stored and made public by a single government or institution.

I am attempting to use DNA cousins’ information on ancestral names and European home towns to narrow down our MRCA’s  town of origin.  Some of my 2nd cousin’s ancestors have that information attached to them.

By various means, including DNA chromosome fragments matching, I am adding selected living 2nd and 3rd cousins to a short list and digging up information on them and their ancestors by direct contact and through documents.

Steps Taken

Immigration searches relevant to certain assumptions has not been helpful.  Searches have been conducted in Canada and Ellis Island, New York and certain emigration and passenger records in Germany and the UK.  Not all of the names listed above have been searched, as there is not enough justification or additional information for some of them.


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Major Progress – 2nd Cousin Found! – UPDATE February 18, 2016

Thanks to an understanding woman sympathetic to our search, we are now closer to learning Frank’s and our true surname and a major part of our history prior to 1900.  This woman is a major breakthrough in our search. After comparing our respective DNA, 23andMe concludes that she is 2nd Cousin to Bryce, Brian, Marcus and me, as well as a 2nd Cousin once removed to my sons David and Jon.

No doubt, finding new second cousins has come as a huge surprise to her and her family.  I’ve not yet asked her permission to reveal her name but will do so once I complete this phase of research with some reasonable findings.  Some new friends at the Ontario Genealogical society are being of tremendous help in this more complex phase of the search.

Based on information that she provided, Frank’s surname is likely one of the following, with my calculated probability indicated:

  • Male lines Hirsch or Weil – 50%
  • Female lines Hellman or Kuhn – 25% (also Rosenthal, Kaufman, Lang)
  • Another,  including McCallum or some variant of it – 25%

We are investigating the following.


  • St. Louis, Missouri
  • Chicago, Illinois
  • Havelock, Iowa
  • Saginaw, Michigan also nearby Millington
  • Detroit, Michigan

Time period: 1870 +/- 20 years

Generation: 2nd Cousin’s GreatGrandParents (2G), and, if necessary, her 3GParents

DNA factor

The critical 2nd cousin forecast by 23andMe is based on the following industry ratios.

DNA Shared Between 2nd Cousin and Ian McCallum
Normative Genetics Actual Shared
 Second Cousins Share  She and I Share
DNA % av 3.13% 3.4%
cMs 101-378 253
Segments 10–18 12

Brother Brian and cousins Bryce and Marcus share similar, even larger amounts of DNA with our common 2nd cousin.

Ashkenazim factor

  • 2nd Cousin – 95-98% Ashkenazim
  • Ian – 12.5%

This suggests that Frank was half Ashkenazim, therefore one of his parents was not “genetically” Ashkenazim otherwise my Ashkenazim content would be double to ~25%.

Male Y-chromosome factor

The male Y-chromosome has been of little help yet in this search since women don’t carry it. But, since Frank’s Y-chromosome E-M84 (E1b1b1c1a) also known as E-L117 was passed on to me via my father and since it is the second largest Y-chromosome among Jewish males, after J1, that fact combined with our Ashkenazim DNA percentages suggests strongly that (my estimate 90%+) that Francis’/Frank’s father was an Ashkenazim Jew.

Working Hypothesis

Therefore, I posit–for the moment–that we share a GreatGrandFather as the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA).

Other DNA Cousins and Triangulation

Preliminary search has been started along two lines using other DNA cousins to triangulate with our 2nd Cousin’s 2G and 3G Parents.

Investigative line number one has been to find cousins we match in common on 23andMe where DNA lab testing took place.  I also found those matching cousins who also cited in their ancestral surnames one of our 2nd Cousin’s four 2G Parents’ surnames.    That small group now requires further cross triangulation and ranking with each other.

Investigative line number two has been to find the specific DNA fragments on specific chromosomes that the six of us share with our 2nd Cousin.  They are on chromosomes 1, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11 and 16.  The next step, to be taken only if necessary, is to use services like GEDmatch and DNAgedcom to find cousin matches to me on those fragments.  Subsequently, it would be necessary to find means of verifying which of those also match our 2nd cousin.  This step is in an area of DNA analysis about which I know too little.

The Orphan Factor

Our 2nd cousin knows of no missing relatives.  Had there been such, this search could have likely concluded much sooner.

One of my new genealogy friends discovered a 1900 Iowa Census showing an 11 year old Frank McColum as a boarder (read labourer) on the Stover farm in Pocahontas, Sherman Township (Havelock), Iowa. His birth date varies on records from 1889 to 1891.

It was only one or two years later that our Frank walked into Saskatchewan, connecting with the Benolkin family somewhere along the way, with whom he stayed at their new farm at Dundurn, Saskatchewan before getting old enough to get his own land at Hanley, Saskatchewan.  He stayed friends with the Benolkins throughout his life.  I have spoken to one of the family who remembers him.

Of note is the fact that the route from this farm in Iowa to Dundurn is along roads that are virtually a one thousand mile straight line through the Beardsley, Minnesota community from which the Benolkins left, less than 500 miles to the north north west.

Also, family lore has it that several times Frank returned to the United States to look for a brother.  He also said that the orphanage records had been burned in a fire.  In 1920 orphanage and other municipal records were burned in a  warehouse in Havelock, Iowa the community nearest to the Iowa farm where Frank McColum laboured.  Also, in 1894 a major fire in central Saginaw burned many buildings including an orphanage.

The birth and orphan records of that time in Missouri, and presumably, Iowa were not comprehensive in any case.

Other - Mary Clara Lugiewicz  (born Lewandowski)

We have and will also pursue further leads concerning his time as an orphan, following up on cryptic information on this Military Attestation form completed when signing up for WWI. Some of this relates specifically to a reference to a female next of kin, Clara “Tygrnwitz”.   This information was scrawled in the margin and consequently our interpretation was wrong.  The name is Mary Clara Lugiewicz  (born Lewandowski) at 277 Winter St., Saginaw Michigan.  I have procured his full military documentation where the information was typed several times. That street exists, Winter St., but the address does not now exist but may have existed in that earlier, less organised time.

Frank’s relationship to Clara is unknown.  Clara was 15 years older than Frank.  The Clara Lugiewicz we found was born in Poland/Germany in 1875 as was her husband Andrew Lugiewicz.  They immigrated in 1890 and 1891 respectively and married in Saginaw in 1896. They had 8 children together.   They seemed to have lived on Winter St. for their lives.  He had a store.

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500 Word Summary of Our Search Now Posted on CBC, Canada Reads, Bloodlines Web Site

Our search for our paternal ancestry I’ve condensed to a 500 word interesting read, I hope, and posted on the CBC web site Bloodlines as another means of generating possible leads to missing living relatives who may have the key to our identity. You can find it at DESC

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