Archive for Migration in North America

Pick Hypothesis – Family Tree + DNA Match

March 26, 2012

Today was the first confirmation of a DNA match for the Pick hypothesis derived from the Mihailovici family tree.

An ftDNA match with me by the name of Jewell Betty Andersen turns out to have Pick as her maiden name.  At this point I know no more about her than that.  I have asked the manager of her file–a Doctor and PhD–for her specifics and family tree information. That may fill in pertinent gaps–1890 to present–in the Mihailovici tree, particularly for the family members gone missing in action after immigrating to the US. If the trees complement one another and there is still a male MIA fitting our parameters then that will be Frank.

ftDNA proposes us as 4th cousins within a range of 3rd-5th cousins.  This would make our common ancestor either Frank’s father or grandfather since we may be once removed.

We share 35.75 cMs and the longest fragment is 11.38 cMs.

There are

It turns out that in ftDNA there are two other genetic matches that include Pick as names in their family  trees.  They are:

  • Elizabeth Jeanette James
  • B. Ann Carlton Oppenheimer

The 5 of us, including Daniela, share multiple fragments on multiple chromosomes.


March 10, 2012

Of the Hora/Mihailovici family tree options the most probable is the Pik/Pick family.

Ship passenger manifest records showed an uncle and nephew arriving in New York in 1906. Interestingly both appeared to be named Franz Pick.

This does not conform to the available family tree information. The uncle’s age conforms to the date of birth for Leopold PICK (1866). of to Gabriel WIEN
Leopold PICK Josef (Pepo) WIEN Francizka Pick

Rationale for thinking that there is a strong possibility that Francizka (Franz) Pick is Frank McCallum.
• From Josef Pike there is a multi-generational reoccurrence, in various forms, of the name Franziska/Franz/Francis for males and females. In three generations the Pick males married women with the name Franziska.
• March 20/21, 1906 the ship Le Champagne / Le Bretagne from Le Havre on March 1 arrived at Ellis Island, New York. The copy of the ship’s manifest (attached) at lines 18 & 19 identified two Slovak Pick males, Franz aged 16 and one aged 38. The younger seems to be identified as the nephew of the older, but that is somewhat problematic as the names and the dates would appear to be father and son. The name of the elder male is not given as being different – odd. In subsequent typed records both are named Franz. However, Franz’s father was Leopold.
• The dates would make Franz born in 1890 which is generally consistent with the family tree and with Frank McCallum’s birth date although neither has been independently verified. In some records Frank did use 1890 as his birth year.
• The ship’s manifest said that the two men were heading out to Nebraska and to Rock Spring Wyoming to join relatives, specifically John Pick. There is a street address which has not yet been confirmed.
• Cousin Eric Josef (Beppo) PICK b. 1898, died in Connecticut leaving named descendants who are presumably in the US. We have no indication of when he entered the US. It does suggest a family interest in America.
• The relationship tree between Daniela and Ian would appear to be supportable by the quantity of cMs (61.6) larger than 3 cM .
• GEDmatch suggested Daniela and Ian are 3.9 generations to MRCA. In this Pick hypothesis there are 4 generations between Daniela and the MRCAs and 5 generations between the MRCAs and Ian

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4th Cousin Daniela (Hora) Mihailovici and Her Family Tree – February 2012 Developments

UPDATE: March 10, 2012
So far the two names with the greatest promise are Pick and Rosenfeld, both families had members who immigrated through New York in the 1900 -10 yrs or + 6 years time frame.

An initial attempt to contact members of the Rosenfeld family has not yet yielded any contact.

See a separate posting for the Picks.

January 16, 2012 was a major development in our search for Frank’s roots and living relatives. I found a possible 4th cousin by the name of Daniela (Hora) Mihailovici. She manages a family tree that has more than 3,300 names on it. I am going through the tree to find branches with individuals who immigrated to the United States around 1890-1905. To date the most promising branches–at the time of immigration–are Pick and Rosenfeld. Eventually I will post the names of living descendants in the hope that someone can provide more information that will either validate or invalidate their inclusion as persons of interest.

Also, I’m attempting to find an easy and “clean” method of including promising names with our family tree on My Heritage Family Tree Builder. I want to mark them indicating that their inclusion is tentative since My Heritage makes regular evaluations in order to match up family trees that otherwise might be unaware of the existence of other family trees with the same people on them.

Names from Daniela’s tree that we are currently searching are:

SURNAMES – Strelinger, Pick, Brugler, Lorand, Landesman, Rosenfeld, Heitler/Hora.

FIRST NAMES – Francis, Frances, Frank; For his mother there is a high probability that the name is a variation on: Julia Yulia,YULIYA, Gyula.

FEMININE FORMS: Various LANGUAGES: Julia (Biblical), Júlia (Slovak), Julija (Slovene), Júlia, Juli, Juliska (Hungarian), Iulia (Romanian), Yuliya (Bulgarian), Julija (Croatian), Julia, Julita (Polish), YULIA, YULIYA (Russian) Julitta (History), Iúile (Irish), Giulia, Giulietta (Italian), Julija (Lithuanian), Júlia, Julinha (Portuguese), Julia (Scandinavian),Julia (Spanish), Iulia, Julia (Ancient Roman),


With those names we are assuming emigration from Eastern Europe to America through New York in the 1890s. American city locations include the regions of New York, Detroit and Chicago.

DNA comparison through GEDmatch has turned up a 3rd or 4th cousin, Daniela Mihailovici from Haifa, who has access to a family tree of more than 3,200 names. We have not had much time to determine what the route between us might be. Dana has suggested the name Landesman on her side might be the link. I have been poking around on her family tree but need her help to do more. In the meantime I have added a few of the names to our family tree on MyHeritage and it has connected me to yet other family trees which I am now exploring and examining with the site administrators.

My DNA connection with Daniela is quite strong with 11 segments over 10 chromosomes and a total of 61.6 cMs, the second most that has turned up to date for me. Naturally, she and I do not share the same haplogroup, so our connection could be either through my great grandmother or great grandfather. I have not been able to make a connection with the only stranger with an even stronger linkage.

I hope to be adding more confirmed information in March.

DNA comparisons can be made on GEDmatch, 23andMe and soon on ftDNA.

If you would like to know more details before then, then email me at .

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Immigration to America in the 1800s

For the time being, we are assuming that Francis “Frank” Freeman McCallum was born to immigrant parents, perhaps on board ship during the voyage to America. In his WWI Canadian military attestation documents he claimed to be born on October 27, 1891. The actual range may be a year on either side, approximately 1890-92.

His parents’ nationality of origin remains a mystery.

The best statistics that I have found of the country of origin of immigrants is an American Senate report from 2011. It provides a year by year breakdown by country for that period. It can be found at

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Third Cousin Once Removed – Tyler Clark Burke: Status – No Progress

Proposed Cousin relationship = 3rd cousin removed 1 time(s)
Estimated average number of generations to the common ancestor based on Autosomal values: 3.9

March 23, 2011 someone contacted me who picked me out of GEDmatch as a possible relative.

It would appear that we are related as

Her great great great grandfather
My great great grandfather

She and Merle, Brian and I would be 3rd cousins once removed. Jon, Andrew, David, Sara, Christy, Sam, Beckie and Rosalind would be 4th cousins.

I believe that the common ancestor would be Frank’s grandfather, probably born around 1825.

Who is she?

She is 37 and heavily into the arts. In fact, wait for it, she was artist in residence the Drake Hotel in Toronto. Her name is Tyler Clark Burke.

David, Andrew, and Angella have probably been tripping all over each other at events in Toronto, sitting at the next table, staring at the same Nuit Blanche work, perhaps even David’s.

She grew up in Winnipeg, moved to Toronto, went to the University of Guelph. Her father is a professor in the film department at Queen’s University, an expert on Federico Fellini who autographed some things for Tyler, including his phone number.

If you are interested in more information you can check her out at: There is a long 2004 article on her in the Toronto Star which is linked from this page.

Tyler has extensive family tree information going back to Ireland and southern Italy. Her father was born in New York. At the moment she is unaware of any orphan connection.

My tentative assessment is that our common ancestor was more likely to be Italian than Irish. Our male Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1b1c1a is a relatively small group with limited distribution beyond the Mediterranean basin until into the increased migration in the mid-1800s made possible by steam powered ships. Even further, that haplogroup has strong Italian pockets in Sicily, Sardinia, southern Italy near Naples which is where the Martocci family apparently sailed to New York from. The Martocci family apparently came from Laurenzana which is in mountainous mainland terrain 160 km ESE from Naples.

That Italian connection is through her mother. We could confirm that if she could persuade her father to have his DNA analyzed. I haven’t yet explored the possibility of a direct male descendant on her mother’s side having his DNA analyzed. We would be looking for the Y-chromosome E1b1b1c1a. As a woman, she wouldn’t have that.

Until we have located an E1b1b1c1a carrier, there is the possibility that the DNA connection is through either my mother or grandmother. Since my mother came from Manchester and my grandmother from Glasgow, it is unlikely but possible. There is also the possibility of a female only link of some kind. Tyler and us can share a lot of DNA without direct sharing of haplogroups. I wish it were simpler but there it is.

I must stress that these conclusions are not fully proven as they are based on our preliminary DNA comparisons but the evidence would appear to be very strong. There is clearly enough shared DNA material to suggest that we are 3rd cousins once removed.

We’ve had a half dozen email exchanges and will have more. Regardless of how this turns out, she seems like a very warm, smart individual who would get along well with this family.

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More sources of McCallum matches provides 20,135 McCallums, 666 John McCallums, 17 Frank McCallums, 31 Julia McCallums, 0 Freeman McCallums

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New York Hebrew Orphan Asylum Records

A short search of this record recently made available by, using obvious combinations of Frank, Francis, Freeman and McCallum, turned up no obvious leads.

AJHS, New York Hebrew Orphan Asylum Records, 1860-1934
According to one account, residents of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum of the City of New York (HOA) made up an entire enumeration district in the 1920 U.S. census. Not all the children at the HOA were “orphans” in the traditional sense – some were half-orphans: children whose parents who couldn’t provide for them. (By the way, the Yankees never did buy the asylum property. They built their new stadium on a little site in the Bronx instead.)

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Research – Orphan

Orphan Trains

Note: There are extensive records at the new York Children’s Aid Society but they are not on line because they are restricted.  A manual search in their offices in New York would have to be done by an approved individual.  For records that old, getting approval shouldn’t be that difficult.

On their site is the following.

An estimated 30,000 children were homeless in New York City in the 1850s.

The children ranged in age from about six to 18 and shared a common grim existence. Homeless or neglected, they lived in New York City’s streets and slums with little or no hope of a successful future. Their numbers were large – an estimated 30,000 children were homeless in New York City in the 1850s. Charles Loring Brace, the founder of The Children’s Aid Society, believed that there was a way to change the futures of these children. By removing youngsters from the poverty and debauchery of the city streets and placing them in morally upright farm families, he thought they would have a chance of escaping a lifetime of suffering.

He proposed that these children be sent by train to live and work on farms out west. They would be placed in homes for free but they would serve as an extra pair of hands to help with chores around the farm. They wouldn’t be indentured. In fact, older children placed by The Children’s Aid Society were to be paid for their labors.

The Orphan Train Movement lasted from 1853 to the early 1900s and more than 120,000 (note: as many as 200,000) children were placed. This ambitious, unusual and controversial social experiment is now recognized as the beginning of the foster care concept in the United States.

Orphan Trains stopped at more than 45 states across the country as well as Canada and Mexico. During the early years, Indiana received the largest number of children. There were numerous agencies nationwide that placed children on trains to go to foster homes. In New York, besides Children’s Aid, other agencies that placed children included Children’s Village (then known as the New York Juvenile Asylum), what is now New York Foundling Hospital, and the former Orphan Asylum Society of the City of New York, which is now the Graham-Windham Home for Children.

More information can be turned up by Googling the following search terms <orphan train “North Dakota” names>.

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Orphan Train Research Sources

Orphan Train Heritage Society of America Inc OTHSA
The legacy of the famed Orphan Trains that began during the first days of the Children’s Aid Society in New York lives on today. An estimated 150,000 children took part in the Orphan Train Movement from 1854 to 1929, giving them new lives and a bright future by removing them from the poverty and danger of the city streets.

Victor Remer Historical Archives

Important historical records can be accessed via The Guide to the Records of The Children’s Aid Society (1853-1947). This guide contains materials pertaining to emigration programs such as the Orphan Train, foster care and adoption programs operating between 1853-1947, annual reports to 2006, a small collection of materials from 1948-1951, and The Children’s Aid Society lodging houses, industrial schools, convalescent homes, health centers and farm schools.

Guide to the Records of the Children’s Aid Society 1836-2006 (bulk 1853-1947)  MS 111

A solid collection of records and references, but primarily focused on New York or the point of departure.

Although the emigration program became known as the “orphan train,” many of the children were not orphans. They were children whose guardians could not care for them, or who hoped they would find a better life, and who signed surrender documents releasing them to the care of the Children’s Aid Society. Many others were adolescents without known guardians who were seeking their own fortunes by heading west.

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